After studying visual arts and cinema, Arthur Nauzyciel trained as an actor in the school of the Théâtre National de Chaillot (Paris) run by Antoine Vitez (1978).

He began his career as an actor then turned to stage directing. His first production as a director was LE MALADE IMAGINAIRE OU LE SILENCE DE MOLIÈRE, after Molière and Giovanni Macchia for the théâtre de Lorient, CDN (1999), followed by Samuel Beckett’s OH LES BEAUX JOURS (HAPPY DAYS) for the Odéon-Théâtre de l’Europe (2003) and the Teatro San Martin in Buenos Aires (2004).

Since then there have been numerous productions in France and abroad: Thomas Bernhard’s PLACE DES HÉROS (HELDENPLATZ) at the Comédie-Française (2004), the entry of the Austrian author into the repertoire of France’s national theater; Kaj Munk’s ORDET (THE WORD) staged at the Avignon Festival (2008) and at the Théâtre du Rond-Point during the Paris Autumn Festival (2009); JAN KARSKI (MON NOM EST UNE FICTION)/JAN KARSKI (MY NAME IS A FICTION), adapted from the novel by Yannick Haenel, staged at the Avignon Festival (2011). FAIM (HUNGER), based on Knut Hamsun’s novel, with Xavier Gallais at the Théâtre de la Madeleine in Paris (2011); Anton Chekov’s LA MOUETTE (THE SEAGULL) staged in the Cour d’honneur of the Papal Palace at the Avignon Festival (2012); KADDISH by Allen Ginsberg (2013), reading created at the Musée d’Art et d’Histoire du Judaïsme then at the Avignon Festival (2013). In January 2015, he created SPLENDID'S by Jean Genet, with American actors from JULIUS CAESAR and French actor Xavier Gallais.
Arthur Nauzyciel works regularly in the United States: in Atlanta he staged two plays by the French playwright, Bernard-Marie Koltès: BLACK BATTLES WITH DOGS (2001), also presented in Chicago, Athens (at the International Festival), and in France at the Avignon Festival (2006); and also in Atlanta, B-M Koltès’s ROBERTO ZUCCO (2004); in Boston, for the American Repertory Theater, Mike Leigh’s ABIGAIL'S PARTY (2007) and William Shakespeare’s JULIUS CAESAR (2008), which went on tour to the Paris Autumn Festival and the Ibero-American Theater Festival in Bogota, Colombia.
Arthur Nauzyciel has created a number of shows abroad that were then revived in France or at international theater festivals: Samuel Beckett’s L’IMAGE (THE IMAGE) in Dublin (2006) with Damien Jalet and Anne Brochet, Lou Doillon, later Julie Moulier, the production was also staged in Reykjavik, New York, Paris, China, Japan; Marie Darrieussecq’s LE MUSÉE DE LA MER (THE SEA MUSEUM), performed at the National Theater of Iceland (2009); Mike Leigh’s ABIGAIL'S PARTY, revived for the National Theater of Norway (2012); Fassbinder's BITTER TEARS OF PETRA VON KANT at MiniTeater of Ljubljana (Slovenia). In March 2016, he creates L'EMPIRE DES LUMIÈRES by Kim Young-ha at the National Theater Company of Korea (NTCK), at Seoul.

He has also worked for dance and opera. In 2011 he staged the opera RED WATERS by Keren Ann Zeidel and Bardi Johannsson (Lady and Bird) and contributed to the creation of PLAY by the choreographer Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui and the dancer Shantala Shivalingappa.

In June 2015, he participated as an actor at Rambert's DE MES PROPRES MAINS, revived at the Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord in Paris, then in the US (Princeton, Festival "Seuls en scène"), Orléans, Gennevilliers.
He regularly works with other artists on his projects: Miroslaw Balka, Etienne Daho, Christian Fennesz, Damien Jalet, José Lévy, Sjon, Erna Omarsdottir, Winter Family.

Arthur Nauzyciel is a recipient of the Villa Médicis Hors les Murs Prize. His production JAN KARKSI (MY NAME IS A FICTION) was awarded the Georges-Lerminier Prize.

Since June 1, 2007 he has been the director of the Centre Dramatique National Orléans/Loiret/Centre.